Inheritance of color vision in a New World monkey (Saimiri sciureus)

G. H. Jacobs, J. Neitz
1987 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) have a striking color-vision polymorphism; each animal has one of six different types of color vision. These arise from individual variation in the presence of three different middleto longwavelength cone pigments. The distribution of cone phenotypes was established for a large sample of squirrel monkeys, including several families, through analysis of a retinal gross potential. The results indicate that the inheritance of color vision in the squirrel monkey
more » ... an be explained by assuming that the three middleto long-wavelength cone pigments are specified by three alleles at a single locus on the X chromosome. This arrangement is discretely different from that found in Old World monkeys and humans.
doi:10.1073/pnas.84.8.2545 pmid:3470811 pmcid:PMC304691 fatcat:rhcpp2cxyfhdpgp4l3ipsw4lqq