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JN 1981, CONRAIL direct labor and fringe expense for train and engine crews in freight service exceeded $600 million. This figure represented over 17 Percent of total operating expense and about one-third of the total freight labor expense. Despite crew size reduction agreements designed to reduce the use of firemen and second brakemen, nearly one-half of Conrail crews included a fireman and over 90 percent included a second brakeman. Some crews even earned a third brakeman in states havingdoi:10.22004/ag.econ.311622 fatcat:wji5glfvt5hctcpy6gr3r4af2u