RHEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NANOCOMPOSITES BASED ON CLINOPTILOLITE AND LINEAR POLYETHYLENE OF LOW DENSITY

Najaf T. Kakhramanov, Neli S. Koseva, Rena V. Kurbanova, Ilaha V. Bayramova, Nushaba B. Arzumanova, Arif D. Ismayilzade
2018 IZVESTIYA VYSSHIKH UCHEBNYKH ZAVEDENIY KHIMIYA KHIMICHESKAYA TEKHNOLOGIYA  
In the paper the results of the study of the influence of clinoptilolite concentration, shear stress and temperature on the effective viscosity, shear rate and activation energy of the viscous flow of nanocomposites based on linear low-density polyethylene were presented. It was shown that the in the composition of the natural mineral contains kaolinite or nanoclay. During the diffusion of macro chains into the interlayer space of nanoclays, the latter decays and the surfactant, exchanged
more » ... s or anions, stearates present there, as a result migrate into the polymer matrix and then, as lubricants, improve the flowability of the melt of the nanocomposite. For the first time it was shown that natural minerals of Azerbaijan belong to the number of bifunctional fillers, which contribute to the enhancement of polymer composites and, at the same time, improve the flowability of their melt. Rheological studies were carried out on the MELT FLOW TESTER, CEAST MF50 (INSTRON, Italy) capillary rheometer in the temperature range of 190-250 °C and the load of 2.16 -21.6 kg. The size of the nanoparticles of the composites was determined using the device model of STA PT1600 Linseiz, Germany, which varied from 14 to 110 nm. The nanoparticles of clinoptilolite were obtained in the analytical mill A-11 at the maximum rotor speed of 28,000 rpm. Flow curves of nanocomposites based on linear low density polyethylene and clinoptilolite were determined. It was established that introduction of 5% wt. clinoptilolite promotes an increase in shear rate 2.62 times. The results of the study of the influence of clinoptilolite concentration on the rheological and physico-mechanical characteristics of nanocomposites were presented. It was shown that when the concentration of clinoptilolite in the polymer matrix increases from 5 to 15 wt% the shear rate is somewhat reduced, but remains higher than that of the initial polyolefin.For citation:Kakhramanov N.T., Koseva N.S., Kurbanova R.V., Bayramova I.V., Arzumanova N.B., Ismailzade A.C. Rheological characteristics of nanocomposites based on clinoptilolite and linear polyethylene of low density. Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol. 2018. V. 61. N 7. P. 105-112
doi:10.6060/ivkkt.20186107.5699 fatcat:law4lvn5fzcx3i5uqqpxwrgnzq