Low-Frequency Expansion Approach for Seismic Data Based on Compressed Sensing in Low SNR

Miaomiao Sun, Zhenchun Li, Yanli Liu, Jiao Wang, Yufei Su
2021 Applied Sciences  
Low-frequency information can reflect the basic trend of a formation, enhance the accuracy of velocity analysis and improve the imaging accuracy of deep structures in seismic exploration. However, the low-frequency information obtained by the conventional seismic acquisition method is seriously polluted by noise, which will be further lost in processing. Compressed sensing (CS) theory is used to exploit the sparsity of the reflection coefficient in the frequency domain to expand the
more » ... y components reasonably, thus improving the data quality. However, the conventional CS method is greatly affected by noise, and the effective expansion of low-frequency information can only be realized in the case of a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this paper, well information is introduced into the objective function to constrain the inversion process of the estimated reflection coefficient, and then, the low-frequency component of the original data is expanded by extracting the low-frequency information of the reflection coefficient. It has been proved by model tests and actual data processing results that the objective function of estimating the reflection coefficient constrained by well logging data based on CS theory can improve the anti-noise interference ability of the inversion process and expand the low-frequency information well in the case of a low SNR.
doi:10.3390/app11115028 fatcat:yd35lznjdncmxler3hc3e5fx6u