Spectacle Acceptance among Secondary School Students in Rural China: The Xichang Pediatric Refractive Error Study (X-PRES)—Report 5

Liping Li, Yue Song, Xiaojian Liu, Bei Lu, Kai Choi, Dennis S. C. Lam, Mingzhi Zhang, Mingwei Zheng, Yunfei Wang, Abhishek Sharma, Nathan Congdon
2008 Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science  
PURPOSE. To assess determinants of spectacle acceptance and use among rural Chinese children. METHODS. Children with uncorrected acuity Յ 6/12 in either eye and whose presenting vision could be improved Ն2 lines with refraction were identified from a school-based sample of 1892 students. Information on obtaining glasses and the benefits of spectacles was provided to children, families, and teachers. Purchase of new spectacles and reasons for nonpurchase were assessed by direct inspection and
more » ... erview 3 months later. RESULTS. Among 674 (35.6%) children requiring spectacles (mean age, 14.7 Ϯ 0.8 years), 597 (88.6%) were followed up. Among 339 children with no glasses at baseline, 30.7% purchased spectacles, whereas 43.2% of 258 children with inaccurate glasses replaced them. Most (70%) subjects paid US$13 to $26. Among children with bilateral vision Յ 6/18, 45.6% bought glasses. In multivariate models, presenting vision Ͻ 6/12 (P Ͻ 0.009), refractive error Ͻ Ϫ2.0 D (P Ͻ 0.001), and amount willing to pay for glasses (P ϭ 0.01) were predictors of purchase. Reasons for nonpurchase included satisfaction with current vision (78% of those with glasses at baseline, 49% of those without), concerns over price or parental refusal (18%), and fear glasses would weaken the eyes (13%). Only 26% of children stated that they usually wore their new glasses. CONCLUSIONS. Many families in rural China will pay for glasses, though spectacle acceptance was Ͻ50%, even among children with poor vision. Acceptance could be improved by price reduction, education showing that glasses will not harm the eyes, and parent-focused interventions. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.
doi:10.1167/iovs.07-1531 pmid:18223245 fatcat:ihmjgpve5rgg5ede4m4yo5mh54