Covered and Uncovered Self-Expandable Metallic Stents in the Treatment of Malignant Biliary Obstruction
Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Context: Self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are commonly used in the treatment of malignant biliary obstruction. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of covered self-expandable metallic stents (CSEMSs) and uncovered self-expandable metallic stents (UCSEMSs) for patients with malignant distal biliary obstruction. Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and CNKI databases from 2010 to 2019. All randomized controlled trials, which compared
... , which compared the use of the CSEMSs and UCSEMSs for the treatment of malignant distal biliary obstruction were included in this study. Results: This meta-analysis included 1,539 patients enrolled in 13 trials. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of patients' survival (hazard ratio (HR) 0.96, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.87 - 1.07; I2 = 32.6%), stent patency (HR 0.92, 95% CI: 0.69 - 1.22; I2 = 56.3%), and the overall complication rate (relative risks (RR) 1.35, 95% CI: 0.82 - 2.23; I2 = 0%). In particular, the CSEMSs group presented a lower rate of tumor ingrowth (RR 0.30, 95% CI: 0.15 - 0.57; I2 = 58.5%) than the UCSEMSs group. However, the CSEMSs group exhibited a higher rate of tumor overgrowth (RR 1.63, 95% CI: 1.00 - 2.66; I2 = 0%), sludge formation (RR 2.28, 95% CI: 1.36 - 3.82; I2 = 0%), and migration (RR 5.14, 95% CI: 1.90 - 13.88; I2 = 0%). Conclusions: Our meta-analysis indicated that there was no significant difference between the two stents, and each one had its advantages and disadvantages.