Spatial Distribution of Traffic Air Pollution and Evaluation of Transport Vehicle Emission Dispersion in Ambient Air in Urban Areas

Francesca COSTABILE, Fenjuan WANG, Weimin HONG, Fenglei LIU, Ivo ALLEGRINI
2006 JSME international journal. Series B, Fluids and thermal engineering  
Vertical distribution of traffic-related pollutants inside an open street-canyon were observed in Suzhou, P.R. China, in 2005. The aim was to explore transfer and diffusion characteristics of vehicular exhaust emissions, as well as monitoring constraints associated with street canyons, courtyards and enclosed spaces. Vertical wind speed was found to strongly affect the fluctuation of all the pollutants. Daily average concentrations of NO x , NO 2 and NO, as well as NO 2 /NO x ratio, were found
more » ... o vary significantly alongside the vertical, proportionate to different average daily trends. Oxidation processes and photochemical activity are discussed to explain these phenomena. Daily CO trends were found to track closely with both NO x and Benzene, while the corresponding ratios were different relative to other published works. Different emission factors and driving conditions, as well as other emission sources types (especially for Benzene) are used to explain this point.
doi:10.1299/jsmeb.49.27 fatcat:crg6yv44szhybest3qfcgy6t4e