Intracellular free calcium responses during chemotaxis of Dictyostelium cells
Journal of Cell Science
A calcium ion indicator, fura-2 bovine serum albumin, was introduced into Dictyostelium discoideum cells by electroporation. The concentration of intracellular calcium ions ([Ca2+]i) increased transiently in vegetative cells upon stimulation with submicromolar concentrations of folic acid, a chemoattractant for this organism at the vegetative stage. Similar [Ca2+]i responses were also observed in aggregation-competent cells upon stimulation with subnanomolar concentrations of cAMP, a
... cAMP, a chemoattractant at the aggregation stage. The [Ca2+]i response caused by cAMP was 2.1 times higher than that caused by folic acid. The magnitude of these responses depended on the concentration of Ca2+ in the external buffer. The presence of magnesium ions inhibited the [Ca2+]i responses in a dose-dependent manner. [Ca2+]i was higher in the rear region than in the anterior region of cells freely migrating on the surface, although such a gradient was not always maintained. When aggregation competent cells were locally stimulated by the application of a microcapillary containing cAMP, the cells extended pseudopods toward the microcapillary. In these cases, an increase in [Ca2+]i was transiently observed in the region opposite to the tip of the capillary. At the slug stage, [Ca2+]i was higher in prestalk cells than in prespore cells of slugs. The possibility that the [Ca2+]i is spatially regulated within a cell was discussed.