FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF VALUABLE ORIENTATIONS OF STUDENTS IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN UKRAINE
Visnyk Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Pedagogy
ФОРМУВАННЯ ТА РОЗВИТОК ЦІННІСНИХ ОРІЄНТАЦІЙ СТУДЕНТІВ ЗАКЛАДУ ВИЩОЇ ОСВІТИ УКРАЇНИ
The essence of the phenomenon of "value orientation", "formation of student value orientations" has been revealed n the article. The "professional values" as an integrated multi-level education, the coordinate system and the corresponding regulations of the professional's specialist activity have been substantiated. It has been established that professional values of student youth include professional responsibility, the essence-content content of pedagogical work, its moral aspect, principles
... aspect, principles and professional relations. The functions of value orientations and peculiarities of their formation in the professional training of future specialists of higher education institution of Ukraine have been determined. The peculiarities of students' values n higher education institutions have been revealed. The criteria (cognitive, motivational, activity, personal) and levels (low, average, sufficient and high) of professional-value orientations of students have been determined. The model is developed and pedagogical conditions of formation and development of students' value orientations in the educational environment of the higher education institution have been substantiated: formation of positive motivation for the profession and necessity of ethical regulation of their own professional actions; updating of educational and methodological support and substantive content of future specialists' professional training (due to the development and implementation of the special course and enrichment of the content of professional disciplines with an axiological component); ensuring systematic and comprehensive self-assessment of professional activity, self-knowledge concerning the acquisition of groups of professional values. It was established that the mechanism of formation of value orientations in students of higher education institution includes the stages: perception; response (subordinate, voluntary, satisfaction response); assimilation of professional values (acceptance of values, prevalence of professional values, conviction); organization of professional values (conceptualization of professional values, organization of a system of professional values); use of professional values (internalization of professional values, use of professional values in activities).