Feedback-related EEG dynamics separately reflect decision parameters, biases, and future choices [article]

Hans Kirschner, Adrian G Fischer, Markus Ullsperger
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Optimal decision making in complex environments requires dynamic learning from unexpected events. To speed up learning, we should heavily weight information that indicates state-action-outcome contingency changes and ignore uninformative fluctuations in the environment. Often, however, unrelated information is hard to ignore and can potentially bias our learning. Here we used computational modelling and EEG to investigate learning behaviour in a modified probabilistic choice task that
more » ... two types of unexpected events that were irrelevant for optimal task performance, but nevertheless could potentially bias learning: pay-out magnitudes were varied randomly and, occasionally, feedback presentation was enhanced by visual surprise. We found that participants' overall good learning performance was biased by distinct effects of these non-normative factors. On the neural level, these parameters are represented in a dynamic and spatiotemporally dissociable sequence of EEG activity. Later in feedback processing the different streams converged on a central to centroparietal positivity reflecting a final pathway of adaptation that governs future behaviour.
doi:10.1101/2021.05.10.443374 fatcat:ksdjva2di5aazlnf3xgzmswwuq