A senescence-like cellular response inhibits bovine ephemeral fever virus proliferation [article]

Yu-Jing Zeng, Min-Kung Hsu, Chiao-An Tsai, Chun-Yen CHU, Hsing-Chieh Wu, Hsian-Yu Wang
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
During industrial scale production of virus for vaccine manufacturing, antiviral response of host cells can dampen maximal viral antigen yield. In addition to interferon responses, many other cellular responses such as the AMPK signaling pathway or senescence-like response may inhibit or slow down virus amplification in the cell culture system. In this study, we first performed a Gene Set Enrichment Analysis of the whole-genome mRNA transcriptome and found a senescence-like cellular response in
more » ... BHK-21 cells when infected with bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV). To demonstrate that this senescence-like state may reduce virus growth, BHK-21 subclones showing varying degrees of senescence-like state were infected with BEFV. Results showed the BHK-21 subclones showing high senescence staining could inhibit BEFV replication while low senescence-staining subclones are permissive to virus replication. Using a different approach, a senescence-like state was induced in BHK-21 using a small molecule, camptothecin (CPT), and BEFV susceptibility was examined. Results showed that indeed CPT-treated BHK-21 is more resistant to virus infection. Overall, these results indicate that a senescence-like response may be at play in BHK-21 upon virus infection. Furthermore, cell clone selection and modulating treatments using small molecules may be tools in countering anti-viral responses.
doi:10.1101/2021.01.28.428738 fatcat:mfhqzikzc5f7xjtw55t2q5toya