WDR31 is a novel ciliopathy protein displaying functional redundancy with GTPase-activating proteins ELMOD and RP2 in recruiting BBSome to cilium [article]

Sebiha Cevik, Lama Alabdi, Xiaoyu Peng, Tina Beyer, Atiyye Zorluer, Mustafa S. Pir, Ferhan Yenisert, Ranad Shaheen, Franziska Woerz, Felix Hoffmann, Betul Altunkaynak, Betul Pir (+8 others)
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The term ciliopathy refers to a group of over 35 rare disorders characterized by defective cilia and many overlapping clinical features, such as hydrocephalus, cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, polydactyly, and retinopathy. Even though many genes have been implicated in ciliopathies, the genetic pathogenesis in certain cases remains still undisclosed. Here, we identified a homozygous truncating variant in WDR31 in a patient with a typical ciliopathy phenotype encompassing congenital hydrocephalus,
more » ... olydactyly and renal agenesis. WDR31 is an evolutionarily conserved protein that localizes to the cilium and cilia-related compartment. Analysis from zebrafish supports the role of WDR31 in regulating the cilia morphology. The CRISPR/Cas9 knock-in (p.Arg261del) C. elegans model of the patient variant (p.Arg268*) reproduced several cilia-related defects observed in wdr-31 null mutants. Mechanistic analysis from C. elegans revealed that WDR-31 functions redundantly with ELDM-1 (ELMOD protein) and RPI-2 (RP2) to regulate the IFT trafficking through controlling the cilia entry of the BBSome. This work revealed WDR31 as a new ciliopathy protein that regulates IFT and BBSome trafficking.
doi:10.1101/2021.06.10.445528 fatcat:i6opazm4indotlkrqvr77bwj3m