Physicochemical Characterization of Tetraetherlipids from Thermoplasma acidophilum

Detlef Blöcher, Raymund Gutermann, Birgit Henkel, Klaus Ring
1985 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C - A Journal of Biosciences  
By means of differential thermoanalysis, the miscibility of the main polar tetraether lipid of Thermoplasma acidophilum with two ester lipids, dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine and dipalmitoyl phosphatidylglycerol, resp., in the presence of excess water was studied. It is shown that with increasing fraction of tetraether lipid in the mixture, the transition range of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine is broadened and the temperature of the maximum heat flow (Tm) is shifted to lower temperatures;
more » ... hermore, the enthaply change (ΔH) of the transition declines. Similar results were obtained with mixtures of tetraether lipid with dipalmitoyl phosphatidylglycerol. It is therefore concluded that the main polar tetraether lipid of Thermoplasma acidophilum , which essentially forms monomolecular layers, is able to form stable common phases with bilayer-forming ester lipids. Miscibility of the tetraether lipid with dipalmitoyl phosphatidylglycerol, which are both monovalent anions at neutral pH, is also observed in the presence of high proton or calcium ion concentrations.
doi:10.1515/znc-1985-9-1003 fatcat:zyfcz2k77rdptfgo3t3wkhkgem