Peptide Mapping, In Silico and In Vivo Analysis of Allergenic Sorghum Profilin Peptides

Chandra Sekhar Bokka, Ganesh Kumar Veeramachaneni, V. B. S. C. Thunuguntla, Janakiram Bobbillapati, Jayakumar Singh Bondili
2019 Medicina  
and objectives: Nearly 20–30% of the world's population suffers from allergic rhinitis, among them 15% are progressing to asthma conditions. Sorghum bicolor profilin (Sorb PF), one of the panallergens, was identified, but the allergen specificity is not yet characterized. Materials and Methods: To map the antigenic determinants responsible for IgE binding, the present study is focused on in silico modeling, simulation of Sorb PF and docking of the Sorb PF peptides (PF1-6) against IgG and IgE,
more » ... llowed by in vivo evaluation of the peptides for its allergenicity in mice. Results: Peptide PF3 and PF4 displayed high docking G-scores (−9.05) against IgE only. The mice sensitized with PF3 peptide showed increased levels of IL5, IL12, TNF-alpha, and GMCSF when compared to other peptides and controls, signifying a strong, Th2-based response. Concurrently, the Th1 pathway was inhibited by low levels of cytokine IL2, IFN-γ, and IL-10 justifying the role of PF3 in allergenic IgE response. Conclusions: Based on the results of overlapping peptides PF3 and PF4, the N-terminal part of the PF3 peptide (TGQALVI) plays a crucial role in allergenic response of Sorghum profilin.
doi:10.3390/medicina55050178 fatcat:oe6ntyzfqnaqjnjykxpurzulc4