Anesthesia, cytokines and cancer recurrence

Yuji Kitamura, Iolanda Di Biaso, Pablo Mauricio Ingelmo, Gianluca Bertolizio
2015 Global Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine  
Cytokines are essential mediators for the regulation of both innate and acquired immunity and hematopoiesis. They modulate immune cell signaling, activation, adhesion and functioning. They regulate the individual response to several insults such as infection, inflammation, trauma, and pain. Moreover, the balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines is critical for the evolution of surgical complications and tumor progression. Several drugs, including anesthetic agents,
more » ... nce cytokines secretion. Opioids, inhalational agents, intravenous and local anesthetics have shown different effects on immune system and cytokine expression. Therefore, anesthesia may play an important role in postoperative recovery and outcome of cancer patients. The aim of the present article is to review the main role of some important cytokines and the effect of anesthesia techniques and drugs on their secretion. Furthermore, current clinical evidence regarding the effects of anesthesia on cancer recurrence will be discussed.
doi:10.15761/gapm.1000122 fatcat:m4osai4o2rfgfce7m564k5kewm