Prevalence ofBorrelia burgdorferiin Small Mammals in New York State

Joanne Oliver, Robert G. Means, Sarah Kogut, Melissa Prusinski, John J. Howard, Larry J. Layne, Frederick K. Chu, Anthony Reddy, Lucy Lee, Dennis J. White
2006 Journal of medical entomology  
Intensive small mammal trapping was conducted in 12 counties in New York state during 1998 Ð2000 to investigate the prevalence and site speciÞcity of the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi in, and presence of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say on, the wild mice Peromyscus leucopus RaÞnesque and Peromyscus maniculatus Wagner and other small mammal species. Previously captured mice (1992Ð1997) from throughout New York state also were recruited into the study, providing a total
more » ... , providing a total of 3,664 Peromyscus from 107 sites in 31 counties. Infection with B. burgdorferi was determined by polymerase chain reaction testing of ear tissue, and rates were determined by species, counties, and regions of the state. B. burgdorferi was detected in 10 small mammal species captured during 1998 Ð2000. Peromyscus captured from Dutchess County in the lower Hudson Valley had the highest infection rate of 21%. The next highest infection rates were in counties within the Capital District: Albany (18%), Rensselaer (17%), and Columbia (13%). From 4,792 small animals examined, we recovered 2,073 ticks representing six species from 414 individuals of 12 mammal species, including 1,839 I. scapularis collected from 315 Peromyscus trapped in Þve counties. I. scapularis were most often collected from animals trapped in Albany, Rensselear, and Dutchess counties. We used protein electrophoresis of salivary amylase to distinguish between P. leucopus and P. maniculatus species. I. scapularis burdens were 5.7 ticks per P. leucopus and 14.3 ticks per P. maniculatus.
doi:10.1093/jmedent/43.5.924 pmid:17017230 fatcat:bwzgj4sdxnf5xamivylk2ijaxa