A Probabilistic Model to Predict Household Occupancy Profiles for Home Energy Management Applications

Luis Rueda, Simon Sansregret, Brice Le Lostec, Kodjo Agbossou, Nilson Henao, Sousso Kelouwani
2021 IEEE Access  
Due to the impact of human lifestyle on building energy consumption, the development of occupants' behavior models is crucial for energy-saving purposes. In this regard, occupancy modeling is an effective approach to intend such a purpose. However, the literature reveals that existing occupancy models have limitations related to the representation of occupancy state duration and the integration of occupancy variability among individuals. Accordingly, this paper proposes an explicit
more » ... plicit differentiated duration probabilistic model to generate realistic daily occupancy profiles in residential buildings. The discrete-time Markov chain theory and the semi-parametric Cox proportional hazards model (Cox regression) are used to predict household occupancy profiles. The proposed model is able to capture occupancy states duration and integrate human behavior variability according to individuals' characteristics. Moreover, a parametric analysis is employed to investigate these characteristics' impact on the model performance and consequently, select the most significant input variables. A validation process is conducted by comparing the model performance with that of previous methods, presented in the literature. For this purpose, the k crossvalidation technique is utilized. Validation results demonstrate that the proposed approach is highly efficient in generating realistic household occupancy profiles. INDEX TERMS Occupancy, behavior, survival analysis, hazard rate, markov-chain, Cox regression.
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3063502 fatcat:5yxgls4bc5dh5b3ld5cqs7ovti