Effects of Life Skills and Twelve Steps on Problem Solving and Risk-taking Behaviors among People Living with HIV, Tehran, Iran
Journal of International Translational Medicine
Objective: The present study aimed to compare social problem solving ability and risk-taking behaviors among people living with HIV (PLWH) and healthy individuals in Tehran, Iran, 2013. Methods: In the study, 50 patients aged 20 to 45 years living with HIV were assessed in Valfajr Health Center in Tehran. Moreover, 50 healthy individuals considered as the control group. Standard questionnaires were applied to evaluate the social problems solving abilities and risk taking behaviors. Results: The
... viors. Results: The results showed that there were no differences in social problem solving ability and risk-taking behaviors between the PLWH and the healthy individuals. Moreover, there was no difference in all subscales of social problem solving ability (positive problem orientation, negative problem orientation, rational problem solving, impulsivity/carelessness and avoidant style). Furthermore, no differences were identified in the rates of risk taking behaviors between the two groups. Conclusion: This study suggests that life skills and twelve steps training could improve the PLWH's abilities to solve a social problem to the level of their healthy peers, engaging into positive problem orientation as well as rational decision. Furthermore, among these population, the rate of risk-taking is similar to healthy people.