Semiexperimental equilibrium structure of 1-methylisatin from gas-phase electron diffraction data and structural changes in isatin due to 1-methyl and 5-fluoro substituents as predicted by coupled cluster computations

Alexander V. Belyakov, Kirill O. Nikolaenko, Alexander A. Oskorbin, Natalja Vogt, Anatolii N. Rykov, Igor F. Shishkov
2019 Figshare  
The molecular structure of 1-methylisatin (1) has been studied by gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) and quantum chemical computation up to the coupled cluster (CCSD(T)) level of theory. The semiexperimental equilibrium structure (Cs point group symmetry) has been determined from the GED data taking into account anharmonic vibrational corrections calculated in curvilinear coordinates with the B2PLYP force field. To observe fine structural effects due to the presence of different kinds of
more » ... erent kinds of substituents, the accurate molecular structures of isatin (2) and 5-fluoroisatin (3) were also computed at the CCSD(T) level. The (O=)C–C(=O) carbon–carbon bonds of the pyrroline moiety in 1–3 are found to be remarkably longer than the typical single C–C bond. The electron donating methyl group causes a decrease of the C−N−C angle and an elongation of the N−C bond lengths in the pyrroline ring by 0.7° and up to 0.008 Å, respectively, whereas the electron withdrawing fluorine atom increases the ipso CCC angle by 2.5° in comparison to that in unsubstituted isatin.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.7593938 fatcat:qyhu6twruzgm5a5m7ipgcgea24