The Promise of Mobile Technologies for the Health Care System in the Developing World: A Systematic Review

Grigorios Karageorgos, Ioannis Andreadis, Konstantinos Psychas, George Mourkousis, Asimina Kiourti, Gianluca Lazzi, Konstantina S. Nikita
2018 IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering  
Evolution of mobile technologies and their rapid penetration to people's daily lives, especially in the developing countries, have highlighted mobile health, or m-health, as a promising solution to improve health outcomes. Several studies have been conducted that characterize the impact of m-health solutions in resource-limited settings and assess their potential to improve health care. The aim of the present paper is twofold: i) present an overview of the background and significance of
more » ... and ii) summarize and discuss the existing evidence for the effectiveness of m-health in the developing world. A systematic search in the literature was performed in Pubmed, Scopus, as well as reference lists, and a broad sample of 98 relevant articles was identified which were then categorized into five wider m-health categories. Although statistically significant conclusions cannot be drawn since the majority of studies relied on small scale trials and limited assessment of long term effects, this paper provides a systematic and extensive analysis of the advantages, disadvantages, and challenges of m-health in developing countries in an attempt to determine future research directions of m-health interventions. Index Terms-mobile technologies, mobile health, m-health, developing countries, health care system, developing world, lowresource settings, low-and middle-income countries.
doi:10.1109/rbme.2018.2868896 pmid:30188840 fatcat:e7krrfbagrfanpoeuwfvuy35ha