Suppression of Mode Partition Noise in FP Laser by Frequency Modulation Non-Coherent Detection
IEEE Photonics Journal
We propose a frequency modulation (FM) noncoherent detection (NCD) scheme, attempting to suppress the mode partition noise (MPN) in fiber-optic communication systems with the Fabry-Perot (FP) semiconductor laser as the light source. The system comprises a FM transmitter with a directly modulated FP laser and a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA), standard single mode fiber, and a NCD receiver with an optical slope filter as the FM to intensity modulation (IM) signal convertor placed in front
... f a conventional photodetector. In this configuration, the MPN is converted into a random frequency deviation by the transmitter and is reduced by the slope filter after fiber transmission, as the slope filter is set to pass the reference frequency at symbol-0 but to cut off the frequency deviation at symbol-1. The FM signal is therefore less noisy after being converted back into the IM signal and the MPN's impact on signal distortion is consequently suppressed. With optimized parameter selections, our simulation result shows that the FM-NCD system allows a direct transmission span of 40 km for the 10 Gbps signal at 1577 nm, and 120 km for the 25 Gbps signal at 1310 nm, respectively, as opposed to a span of only 3 km and 10 km achievable by a conventional FP laser driven IM direct detection (DD) system for the corresponding signals (10 Gbps and 25 Gbps) at the corresponding wavelengths (1577 nm and 1310 nm). Remarkably, our simulation result also shows that the performance of the FM-NCD system even surpasses that of a directly modulated distributed feedback (DFB) laser driven IM-DD system, in which the maximum span is around 15 km and 60 km for 10 Gbps and 25 Gbps signals at 1577 nm and 1310 nm, respectively. These results indicate that the FM-NCD is a promising technology for cost-effective optical signal transmission in fiber-optic access networks and optical datalinks.