Phytochemical Screening and Proximate Analysis of Ethanolic Leaves Extract of Cassia tora

Kamal Ja'afar Muhammad, Fausat Temilola Akanji, Shajarahtunnur Jamil, Norazah Basar, Samira Mahadi
2018 Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters  
Cassia tora is a leguminous plant belonging to the family Fabaceae and are used for the treatment of lepsory, psoriasis, ringworm, ulcers, skin diseases and as a laxative and antiasthenic. The preliminary phytochemical screening of the ethanolic extract of Cassia tora was carried out using standard methods while the nutritional values were studied for moisture content, ash content, crude lipids, crude fibre, crude protein and carbohydrates. The preliminary phytochemical analysis of the leaves
more » ... sis of the leaves indicated the presence of anthraquinones, flavonoids, steroids/triterpenoids, fats, tannins, alkaloids, carbohydrates, phlobatannins and glycosides. The proximate analysis of the leaves revealed that it contained crude fat 6.01%, crude fibre 7.54%, moisture 10.23%, ash content 15.01%, crude protein 27.34% and carbohydrate 33.69%. Cassia tora leaves could be a potential source of nutritional and mineral elements that may be useful in nutrition. The phytochemicals observed in this study explained the medicinal action of the plant encountered in its therapeutic uses. The study demonstrated that, Cassia tora leaves could serve as an important source of nutrition and ethno medicine for animals and humans. Abstrak Cassia tora adalah tumbuhan leguminos dari keluarga Fabaceae dan digunakan untuk rawatan leptin, psoriasis, cacing, ulser, penyakit kulit dan sebagai julap dan antiasthenic. Fitokimia awal ekstrak etanol Cassia tora dilakukan menggunakan kaedah piawai manakala nilai pemakanan dikaji untuk kandungan kelembapan, kandungan abu, lipid mentah, serat mentah, protein mentah dan karbohidrat. Analisis awal fitokimia dari bahagian daun menunjukkan kehadiran anthraquinones, flavonoid, steroid/triterpenoids, lemak, tanin, alkaloid, karbohidrat, phlobatannins dan glikosida, pada analisis proksim, daun menunjukkan bahawa ia mengandungi lemak mentah 6.01%, serat mentah 7.54 %, kelembapan 10.23%, kandungan abu 15.01%, protein mentah 27.34% dan karbohidrat 33.69%. Daun Cassia tora boleh menjadi sumber potensi unsur pemakanan dan mineral yang mungkin berguna dalam pemakanan. Fitokimia yang diperhatikan dalam kajian ini menjelaskan tindakan perubatan tumbuhan yang ditemui dalam kegunaan terapeutiknya. Kajian menunjukkan bahawa, daun Cassia tora boleh menjadi sumber pemakanan dan ubat etno yang penting untuk haiwan dan manusia.
doi:10.37134/jsml.vol6.2.2018 fatcat:f7snybodufg2faj7ghv6t7f4m4