Simple and Efficient LoRa Receiver Scheme for Multi-Path Channel
Clement Demeslay, Philippe Rostaing, Roland Gautier
IEEE Internet of Things Journal
This paper presents a novel LoRa (Long Range) receiver operating in frequency selective Multi-Path Channel (MPC). The dechirped received LoRa wave-forms under MPC allows us to derive a simple and efficient LoRa receiver scheme by using a MF (Matched Filter) approach that aims to maximize the SNR (Signal-to-Noise Ratio) at the symbol index frequency of the DFT output. We show that the MF receiver can be seen as RAKE structure where interference peaks related to multipath, exhibited at DFT
... are recombined in a constructive way. Detection performance is driven by channel energy and the benefit of this novel MF/RAKE receiver over original coherent and non-coherent receiver appears only for MPC that exhibits significant paths energy. These two MF and RAKE receivers have however different implementation complexities that are studied in details. We provide in that sense recommendations on which receiver variant to use for real operations, depending on complexity constraints. Finally, the proposed MF/RAKE receiver outperforms previous results on TDEL (Time Delay Estimation LoRa) receiver over MPC, especially at low SNR and higher LoRa Spreading Factor (SF) parameter, at the cost of higher but reasonable complexity.