Molecular Cloning of Two Exo-β-glucanases and Their in vivo Substrates in the Cell Walls of Lily Pollen Tubes
Plant and Cell Physiology
Full-length cDNA sequences of two exo-β-glucanases, LP-ExoI and LP-ExoII, secreted into cell walls of lily (Lilium longiflorum) pollen tube, were determined by RT-PCR. LP-ExoI exhibited over 80% similarity to LP-ExoII at both DNA and amino acid levels. RT-PCR showed that LP-ExoI transcripts were abundant in pollen grains and tubes, but could not be detected in leaf, stem, stigma, style, ovary, petal, filament, young root, young bud, and scale leaf of bulb. However, LP-ExoII transcripts
... ranscripts ubiquitously existed in all the tissues tested. To determine the potential substrates of exo-β-glucanases, cell wall components of lily tissues were analyzed. Linkage analysis revealed that pollen tubes contained high levels of 3-Glc in hemicellulose (44.3%), while pollen grains had no detectable 3-Glc. The hemicellulose fraction of pollen tubes was treated with lichenase and the product was analyzed by HPLC-PAD to determine the origin of 3-Glc. Specific tetra-saccharide was liberated from hemicellulose of pollen tubes, suggesting the presence of 1,3 : 1,4-β-glucan in lily pollen tube hemicellulose. The structure of this 1,3 : 1,4-β-glucan may be different from cereal plant 1,3 : 1,4-β-glucan, since tri-saccharide was not detected in hemicellulose fraction after lichenase treatment. LP-ExoI and LP-ExoII, expressed in pollen grains and tubes, may be involved in the regulation of pollen tube elongation by hydrolyzing callose and 1,3 : 1,4-β-glucan within pollen tube walls.