Periodogram and likelihood periodicity search in the SNO solar neutrino data

Gioacchino Ranucci, Marco Rovere
2007 Physical Review D  
In this work a detailed spectral analysis for periodicity search of the time series of the 8B solar neutrino flux released by the SNO Collaboration is presented. The data have been publicly released with truncation of the event times to the unit of day (1 day binning); they are thus suited to undergo the traditional Lomb-Scargle analysis for periodicity investigation, as well as an extension of such a method based on a likelihood approach. The results of the analysis presented here confirm the
more » ... bsence of modulation signatures in the SNO data. For completeness, a more refined "1 day binned" likelihood is also illustrated, which approximates the unbinned likelihood methodology, based upon the availability of the full time information, adopted by the SNO collaboration. Finally, this work is completed with two different joint analyses of the SNO and Super-Kamiokande data, respectively, over the common and the entire data taking periods. While both analyses reinforce the case of the constancy of the neutrino flux, the latter in addition provides evidence of the detection at the 99.7% confidence level of the annual modulation spectral line due to the Earth's orbit eccentricity around the Sun
doi:10.1103/physrevd.75.013010 fatcat:7sil5jqxeraybg2ldyydgdozxm