THE MILKY WAY'S DARK MATTER HALO APPEARS TO BE LOPSIDED
The atomic hydrogen gas (HI) disk in the outer region (beyond 10 kpc from the centre) of Milky Way can provide valuable information about the structure of the dark matter halo. The recent 3-D thickness map of the outer HI disk from the all sky 21-cm line LAB survey, gives us a unique opportunity to investigate the structure of the dark matter halo of Milky Way in great detail. A striking feature of this new survey is the North-South asymmetry in the thickness map of the atomic hydrogen gas.
... ming vertical hydrostatic equilibrium under the total potential of the Galaxy, we derive the model thickness map of the HI gas. We show that simple axisymmetric halo models, such as softened isothermal halo (producing a flat rotation curve with V_c 220 km/s) or any halo with density falling faster than the isothermal one, are not able to explain the observed radial variation of the gas thickness. We also show that such axisymmetric halos along with different HI velocity dispersion in the two halves, cannot explain the observed asymmetry in the thickness map. Amongst the non-axisymmetric models, it is shown that a purely lopsided (m=1, first harmonic) dark matter halo with reasonable HI velocity dispersion fails to explain the North-South asymmetry satisfactorily. However, we show that by superposing a second harmonic (m=2) out of phase onto a purely lopsided halo e.g. our best fit and more acceptable model A (with parameters ϵ_h^1=0.2, ϵ_h^2=0.18 and σ_HI=8.5 km/s) can provide an excellent fit to the observation and reproduce the North-South asymmetry naturally. The emerging picture of the asymmetric dark matter halo is supported by the Λ CDM halos formed in the cosmological N-body simulation.