The Compatibility of Downward Causation and Emergence [chapter]

Simone Gozzano
2017 Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation  
In this paper, I shall argue that both emergence and downward causation, which are strongly interconnected, presuppose the presence of levels of reality. However, emergence and downward causation pull in opposite directions with respect to my best reconstruction of what levels are. The upshot is that emergence stresses the autonomy among levels while downward causation puts the distinction between levels at risk of a reductio ad absurdum, with the further consequence of blurring the very notion
more » ... ing the very notion of downward. Therefore, emergence and downward causation are not fit to each other vis-a-vis the concept of level.
doi:10.4324/9781315638577-17 fatcat:yetfvkq575gapk2zgimnvt3vuy