Efficient and scalable calculation of complex band structure using Sakurai-Sugiura method
Proceedings of the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis on - SC '17
Complex band structures (CBSs) are useful to characterize the static and dynamical electronic properties of materials. Despite the intensive developments, the first-principles calculation of CBS for over several hundred atoms is still computationally demanding. We here propose an efficient and scalable computational method to calculate CBSs. The basic idea is to express the Kohn-Sham equation of the real-space grid scheme as a quadratic eigenvalue problem and compute only the solutions which
... necessary to construct the CBS by Sakurai-Sugiura method. The serial performance of the proposed method shows a significant advantage in both runtime and memory usage compared to the conventional method. Furthermore, owing to the hierarchical parallelism in Sakurai-Sugiura method and the domain-decomposition technique for real-space grids, we can achieve an excellent scalability in the CBS calculation of a boron and nitrogen doped carbon nanotube consisting of more than 10,000 atoms using 2,048 nodes (139,264 cores) of Oakforest-PACS.