Detecting the parity of electron wave functions in solids by quantum-well states of overlayers

D V Vyalikh, Yu Kucherenko, F Schiller, M Holder, A Kade, S Danzenbächer, S L Molodtsov, C Laubschat
2008 New Journal of Physics  
We present an approach to monitor the parity of wave functions of electronic states of bulk solids, which was elaborated on the model Ag/W(110) system. The dispersion of quantum-well (QW) states formed in the thin Ag layer was examined by means of angle-resolved photoemission. The obtained experimental data were compared with results of layer Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker calculations. We found that around k points, where the two-dimensional QW bands cross the projected bulk bands of the W substrate
more » ... the same symmetry, broad hybridization gaps in the QW distributions are observed. Careful analysis based on a symmetry approach for the electronic bands in the Ag monolayer and the W substrate suggests that respective gaps may generally be taken as a fingerprint for the interaction with substrate states of even parity with respect to the emission plane. We anticipate that QW states may be used as a probe for symmetry properties of strongly correlated states in systems like heavy-fermion compounds that are difficult to access theoretically within an ab initio approach.
doi:10.1088/1367-2630/10/4/043038 fatcat:gjm62vadmzen5n4u5f7nj6y2om