Permanent translocation heterozygosity in dioecious Baccharis coridifolia DC. (Asteraceae)

2002 Hereditas  
The karyotype of Baccharis coridifolia DC., a dioecious diploid species consists of 16 chromosomes with median (m) and 2 with submedian centromeric positions (sm) (2n= 18). Meiotic analyses of 219 male plants belonging to 12 populations showed across a wide geographical range one quadrivalent and seven bivalents in all of them. The quadrivalent involves the four biggest m chromosomes and probably constitutes a sex multivalent carrying in tight linkage the sex genes and provides a mechanism
more » ... by permanent translocation heterozygosity is maintained. In metaphase I alternate orientation of the quadrivalent was predominant (85.71 %). Fourteen megaspore mother cells were analyzed and did not show the quadrivalent. A model for the origin and maintenance of the sexual translocation system is presented. It is assumed that there are two non-allelic factors M and n; M would be a dominant female suppresor and n a recessive male-suppresor. The excess of male plants observed in several populations at different localities might result from heterotic effects of some gene complexes carried by the translocation. This excess probably ensures a good supply of pollen for the vagaries of insect pollination at flowering time.
doi:10.1034/j.1601-5223.2002.01610.x pmid:12627839 fatcat:7tpbfgt2mfcszji3axnvcmwnt4