The Convective Heat Transfer Performance and Structural Optimization of the Cavity in Energy-Saving Thermal Insulation Windows under Cold Air Penetration Condition
In buildings with the solar heat collection/insulation energy-saving window (SHC/IESW), when the insulation device is placed at night in winter, a double-wall structure façade (DSF) is formed between the glass and the insulation curtain, and the existence of air inlet and outlet leads to cold air penetration. In this paper, the Nusselt number (Nu) correlation and convective heat transfer coefficient (CHTC) of the cavity in SHC/IESW were calculated through an experiment combined with a
... l analysis. Then, numerical simulation was performed on the fluid dynamics and thermal characteristics caused by air convection in an asymmetrically heated cavity under uniform heat flow conditions, to optimize the SHC/IESW structure and analyze its heat transfer mechanism to solve the problem of convection heat transfer between plates under cold air infiltration. Using the calculation formulas obtained from the experiment, the heat transfer coefficient of SHC/IESW is 1.71 W·m−2·K−1. The numerical simulation results showed that with the increase of air layer thickness, the outlet temperature, the average air velocity of the cavity, and the surface temperature of thermal insulation curtain all decrease; with the increase of inlet width, the outlet temperature and the surface temperature of thermal insulation curtain decreases significantly, while the average air velocity of cavity increases. It can help to weaken the convective heat transfer in the cavity and thus, reduce the total heat transfer coefficient to 1.28 W·m−2·K−1 when the air layer thickness is 12 mm and the inlet width is 1 mm.