Azospirillum humicireducens sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from a microbial fuel cell

S. Zhou, L. Han, Y. Wang, G. Yang, L. Zhuang, P. Hu
2012 International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology  
A Gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, motile, spiral, straight-to-slightly curved rod-shaped and nitrogen-fixing strain, designated SgZ-5 T , was isolated from a microbial fuel cell (MFC) and was characterized by means of a polyphasic approach. Growth occurred with 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1 %) and at pH 5.5-8.5 (optimum pH 7.2) and at 25-37 6C (optimum 30 6C) in nutrient broth (NB). The strain had the ability to grow under anaerobic conditions via the oxidation of various organic compounds
more » ... oupled to the reduction of anthraquione-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS). Chemotaxonomic characteristics (main ubiquinone Q-10, major fatty acid C 18 : 1 v7c/C 18 : 1 v6c and DNA G+C content 67.7 mol%) were similar to those of members of the genus Azospirillum. According to the results of phylogenetic analyses, strain SgZ-5 T belonged to the genus Azospirillum within the family Rhodospirillaceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria, and was related most closely to the type strains of Azospirillum lipoferum, Azospirillum thiophilum and Azospirillum oryzae (98.0, 97.6 and 97.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively). DNA-DNA pairing studies showed that the unidentified organism displayed reassociation values of 36.7±3.7, 24.1±2.2 and 22.3±2.4 % to the type strains of A. lipoferum, A. thiophilum and A. oryzae, respectively. Similarities between nifH gene sequences of strain SgZ-5 T and members of the genus Azospirillum ranged from 94.0 to 97.0 %. A combination of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genotypic data clearly indicated that strain SgZ-5 T represents a novel species, for which the name Azospirillum humicireducens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SgZ-5 T (5CCTCC AB 2012021 T 5KACC 16605 T ). Abbreviations: AQDS, anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid; MFC, microbial fuel cell.
doi:10.1099/ijs.0.046813-0 pmid:23264502 fatcat:hzhmhohebvflha4ye6h4tj6lhi