Climate change and variability: a review of what is known and ought to be known for Uganda

Francis Wasswa Nsubuga, Hannes Rautenbach
2018 International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management  
Purpose -In view of the consensus that climate change is happening, scientists have documented several findings about Uganda's recent climate, as well as its variability and change. The purpose of this study is to review what has been documented, thus it gives an overview of what is known and seeks to explain the implications of a changing climate, hence what ought to be known to create a climate resilient environment. Design/methodology/approach -Terms such as "climate", "climate change" and
more » ... limate variability" were identified in recent peer-reviewed published literature to find recent climate-related literature on Uganda. Findings from independent researchers and consultants are incorporated. Data obtained from rainfall and temperature observations and from COSMO-CLM Regional Climate Model-Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CCLM CORDEX) data, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Interim Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim) data and Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) have been used to generate spatial maps, seasonal outputs and projections using GrADS 2.02 and Geographic Information System (GIS) software for visualization. Findings -The climate of Uganda is tropical in nature and influenced by the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), varied relief, geo-location and inland lakes, among other factors. The impacts of severe weather and climate trends and variability have been documented substantially in the past 20-30 years. Most studies indicated a rainfall decline. Daily maximum and minimum temperatures are on the rise, while projections indicate a decrease in rainfall and increase in temperature both in the near and far future. The implication of these changes on society and the economy are discussed herein. Cost of inaction is expected to become huge, given factors like, the growing rate of the population and the slow expanding economy experienced in Uganda. Varied forms of adaptation to the impacts of climate change are being implemented, especially in the agricultural sector and at house hold level, though not systematically. Originality/value -This review of scientific research findings aims to create a better understanding of the recent climate change and variability in Uganda and provides a baseline of summarized information for use in future research and actions. IJCCSM 10,5 N O S A J J M A M F J D Seasonal rainfall change (mm/month) for 2076 -2095 (+80 years) -relaƟve to 1985-2005 N O S A J J M A M F J D Climate change and variability N O S A J J M A M F J D Seasonal temperature change (ºC) for 2076 -2095 (+80 years) -relaƟve to 1985-2005 N O S A J J M A M F J D IJCCSM 10,5 N O S A J J M A M F J D Seasonal rainfall change (mm/month) for 2076 -2095 (+80 years) -relaƟve to 1985-2005 N O S A J J M A M F J D Climate change and variability N O S A J J M A M F J D Seasonal temperature change (ºC) for 2076 -2095 (+80 years) -relaƟve to 1985-2005 N O S A J J M A M F J D IJCCSM 10,5
doi:10.1108/ijccsm-04-2017-0090 fatcat:2knw5tdmtnagvot5huv2v52gee