Author response: mTORC1 in the orbitofrontal cortex promotes habitual alcohol seeking [peer_review]

Nadege Morisot, Khanhky Phamluong, Yann Ehinger, Anthony L Berger, Jeffrey J Moffat, Dorit Ron
2019 unpublished
The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) plays an important role in dendritic translation and in learning and memory. We previously showed that heavy alcohol use activates mTORC1 in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) of rodents (Laguesse et al., 2017a) . Here, we set out to determine the consequences of alcohol-dependent mTORC1 activation in the OFC. We found that inhibition of mTORC1 activity in the OFC attenuates alcohol seeking and restores sensitivity to outcome devaluation in
more » ... that habitually seek alcohol. In contrast, habitual responding for sucrose was unaltered by mTORC1 inhibition, suggesting that mTORC1's role in habitual behavior is specific to alcohol. We further show that inhibition of GluN2B in the OFC attenuates alcohol-dependent mTORC1 activation, alcohol seeking and habitual responding for alcohol. Together, these data suggest that the GluN2B/mTORC1 axis in the OFC drives alcohol seeking and habit.
doi:10.7554/elife.51333.sa2 fatcat:45j2odrvdbhfjg5x5pljqwsrwm