Engineered Nanomaterials for Energy Applications [chapter]

2018 Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications  
The impact of 'engineered-nanomaterials' in cost effective fabrication of micro/nanosensors, and on site energy harvesting devices using 'printing technology' for Internet of things (IoT) applications has been assessed in this technology review after analyzing the ongoing progresses reflected in market research forecasts and the anticipated future projections. Being actively involved in the study of 'engineered nanomaterials' using inorganic, organic, and biomolecular building-blocks for
more » ... ng the characteristics of microelectronic/microsystems (MEMS/NEMS) based sensors/actuators, theoretical/experimental studies of 1, 2, and 3D nanomaterials along with the developments of low-cost printing technology for fabricating the electronic/optoelectronic devices and circuits on plastics, paper, and textiles, an attempt has been made in this review to examine the impact of these novel nanomaterials and their printing technology to enhance the capabilities of the related enabling technologies of IoT applications. Novel designs of supra molecular nano-building-blocks to realize hierarchically organized molecular complexes responding to single/multi stimuli with additional electronic intelligence realized by low-cost printing of sensors and actuators along with the wireless connectivity on flexible substrates in the background, possible answer for meeting the gigantic requirement of trillion devices by 2020 has been searched in this study. Combining the cost effective printing of active devices using polymeric molecules with known electronic/optoelectronic transport properties and 2D-layered materials like graphene and other graphene like materials, is found promising to pursue by addressing to the problems of compatible patterning for devices/circuits fabrications. A number of practical issues are discussed in which the basic concept of 'materials by design' is foreseen to play a major role in the coming times. Biomimetically produced supra molecular-complexes deserve special attentions for realizing printed sensors/actuators/devices and interfaces to generate big-data for cloud based decisions initiating local control actions better in IoT proliferations in future.
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-813351-4.00043-2 fatcat:oll37w4cnvfbhnmcqdd3b5cavq