Quantifying the aging response and nutrient composition for muscles of the beef round

C. L. Dixon, D. R. Woerner, R. J. Tokach, P. L. Chapman, T. E. Engle, J. D. Tatum, K. E. Belk
2012 Journal of Animal Science  
OF THESIS QUANTIFYING THE "AGING RESPONSE" AND NUTRIENT COMPOSITION FOR MUSCLES OF THE BEEF ROUND The objective of this study was to determine the optimal postmortem aging period and nutrient composition for Beef Value Cuts of the round. For the postmortem aging study, 40 USDA Select and 40 premium USDA Choice beef carcasses were selected from a commercial beef packing plant in Colorado over a 12-week period. The bottom and inside rounds were collected from both sides of each carcass for
more » ... fabrication into the following muscles: Adductor, Gastrocnemius, Gracilis, Pectineus, and Superficial digital flexor. Each pair of muscles was cut into seven steaks, approximately 2.54 cm in thickness, and vacuum packaged. All steaks were randomly assigned to one of the following aging periods: 2, 4, 6, 10, 14, 21, and 28 days, and placed in refrigerated storage (2°C, never frozen). Upon completion of the designated aging period, steaks were removed from storage, cooked to a peak internal temperature of 72°C, and evaluated using Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF). A two-way interaction was detected (P < 0.05) between individual muscle and postmortem aging period. The WBSF of all muscles except the Superficial digital flexor decreased with increased time of postmortem aging. Quality grade did not affect (P > 0.05) WBSF values for the Adductor, Gastrocnemius, Pectineus, and Superficial digital flexor muscles. Exponential iii decay models were used to predict the change in WBSF from 2 to 28 days postmortem (aging response). The Adductor, Gastrocnemius, Select Gracilis, premium Choice Gracilis, and Pectineus required 21, 14, 23, 23, and 25 days, respectively, to complete the majority of the aging response. To determine the nutrient composition of the Adductor, Gastrocnemius, Gracilis, Pectineus, Semimembranosus, and Superficial digital flexor, bottom and inside rounds were collected from 10 USDA Select and 10 premium USDA Choice carcasses, fabricated into the respective muscles, cut into 2.54 cm cubes, frozen (-20°C), and then homogenized. The Adductor, Gracilis, Pectineus, Semimembranosus, and Superficial digital flexor were analyzed for dry matter, moisture, crude protein, and ash percentages. All muscles were evaluated for lipid percentage and fatty acid and cholesterol composition. When quality grades were combined, all muscles fell into the "extra lean" or "lean" categories specified by USDA guidelines based on the total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol content present in each cut. Results of this study illustrate the potential for Beef Value Cuts of the round to be sold in foodservice operations and retail stores with marketing emphasis being placed on the exceptional leanness and acceptable tenderness of these cuts. iv
doi:10.2527/jas.2011-4415 pmid:21984719 fatcat:rlmi7w6gyfchregtuxzd36zuna