Original Article Risks in adventure sport activity. Which risks are perceived by experienced canyoneers?

António Brandão, Joel Pereira, Gonçalves, Coelho, Quaresma
2018 Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES)   unpublished
The canyoning is considered a risky activity, as the practice sites are favorable for the occurrence of incidents / accidents. Based on current literature, we aim to identify the risk factors existing in canyoning practice, according to the perceptions of experienced practitioners. In this study we have developed a risk identification process on canyoning, divided into two phases: first was to identify the state of the art; second phase consisted on the application of a questionnaire to
more » ... ionnaire to experienced practitioners of two nationalities (Portuguese and Spanish). Participants were asked about their mental representation of risk that they have experienced on Canyoning, as athletes. According to literature, we observed that risk factors are divided into environmental and human factors, on which were identified 3 dimensions in environmental factors and 4 dimensions in human factors. The identification of risks by experienced athletes was carried out based in the theory of social representations applied to risks on canyoning, where 3 dimensions were identified in the environmental factors and 6 dimensions in human factors. This study aimed to strengthen and update the state of the art in this field through literature review and identification of risk factors.