Highly scalable algorithms for rectilinear and octilinear Steiner trees
Proceedings of the ASP-DAC Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, 2003.
The rectilinear Steiner minimum tree (RSMT) problem, which asks for a minimum-length interconnection of a given set of terminals in the rectilinear plane, is one of the fundamental problems in electronic design automation. Recently there has been renewed interest in this problem due to the need for highly scalable algorithms able to handle nets with tens of thousands of terminals. In this paper we give a practical Ç´ÒÐÓ ¾ Òµ heuristic for computing near-optimal rectilinear Steiner trees based
... einer trees based on a batched version of the greedy triple contraction algorithm of Zelikovsky  . Experiments conducted on both random and industry testcases show that our heuristic matches or exceeds the quality of best known RSMT heuristics, e.g., on random instances with more than 100 terminals our heuristic improves over the rectilinear minimum spanning tree by an average of 11%. Moreover, our heuristic has very well scaling runtime, e.g., it can route a 34k-terminals net extracted from a real design in less than 25 seconds compared to over 86 minutes needed by the Ç´Ò ¾ µ edge-based heuristic of Borah, Owens, and Irwin . Since our heuristic is graph-based, it can be easily modified to handle practical considerations such as routing obstacles, preferred directions, via costs, and octilinear routing -indeed, experimental results show only a small factor increase in runtime when switching from rectilinear to octilinear routing. £