Application of TOPSIS Approach to Multi-Criteria Selection of Wind Turbines for On-Shore Sites
The remarkable developments in renewable energy at the global scale have paved the way for a sustainable future and cleaner environment. As a fundamental element of this renewable energy revolution, wind energy has received tremendous attention worldwide. In order to harness maximal energy from a wind farm, one crucial decision is the selection of a turbine that is most compatible with the geographical and topographical characteristics of the location under consideration. This selection
... s selection mechanism ideally considers multiple conflicting decision criteria—i.e., an improvement in one criterion negatively impacts one or more other criteria. Therefore, a tradeoff solution is desired in which the selection criteria are simultaneously optimized to the best achievable limits. Considering the above observations, this paper proposes a TOPSIS (the technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution)-based wind turbine selection approach. The problem is modeled as a multi-criteria decision problem while considering hub height, wind speed, percentages of zero and rated output, and annual energy production as the decision criteria. A case study is shown for data collected from two potential sites in northern and north-western Saudi Arabia. Fifteen turbines with rated capacities ranging from 1.5 to 3 MW from various manufacturers were evaluated. Results indicate that the TOPSIS approach was effective in identifying the best turbines for each site. Furthermore, the proposed approach helped in identifying the similarities in the behavior of turbines for the two sites. A comparison of the TOPSIS approach with other multi-criteria decision-making techniques proved the robustness of the method.