Time Allocation to the Reproductive and Feeding Behaviors in the Male Cabbage Butterfly

Tadao Hirota, Yoshiaki Obara
2000 Zoological Science  
Individually marked males of Pieris rapae crucivora, were observed to determine how they allocate time to reproduction and feeding. Males were found to alternately feed and search for females. This manner of time allocation persisted throughout the day. The total times that males allocated to the two behaviors were positively correlated, i.e. those males that spent longer searching for females, also feed for longer periods. Males, however, tended to allocate more time to the female-searching in
more » ... female-searching in the morning than in the afternoon, while time allocated to feeding throughout the day. Older males spent more time searching for females in the morning. The body weight of male butterflies also changed as they aged. The results are discussed in terms of both proximal and ultimate aspects of female-search.
doi:10.2108/zsj.17.323 pmid:18494586 fatcat:n7s5mlt2qjbwdesq7oxexipxpi