A Novel Coarse-to-Fine Scheme for Automatic Image Registration Based on SIFT and Mutual Information

Maoguo Gong, Shengmeng Zhao, Licheng Jiao, Dayong Tian, Shuang Wang
2014 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
Automatic image registration is a vital yet challenging task, particularly for remote sensing images. A fully automatic registration approach which is accurate, robust, and fast is required. For this purpose, a novel coarse-to-fine scheme for automatic image registration is proposed in this paper. This scheme consists of a preregistration process (coarse registration) and a fine-tuning process (fine registration). To begin with, the preregistration process is implemented by the scale-invariant
more » ... eature transform approach equipped with a reliable outlier removal procedure. The coarse results provide a near-optimal initial solution for the optimizer in the fine-tuning process. Next, the fine-tuning process is implemented by the maximization of mutual information using a modified Marquardt-Levenberg search strategy in a multiresolution framework. The proposed algorithm is tested on various remote sensing optical and synthetic aperture radar images taken at different situations (multispectral, multisensor, and multitemporal) with the affine transformation model. The experimental results demonstrate the accuracy, robustness, and efficiency of the proposed algorithm. Index Terms-Image registration, mutual information (MI), outlier removal, scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT).
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2013.2281391 fatcat:44yf3mlz7zhmbjelkm72hr57by