Integrated Variance Reduction Strategies for Simulation

Athanassios N. Avramidis, James R. Wilson
1996 Operations Research  
We develop strategies for integrated use of certain well-known variance reduction techniques to estimate a mean response in a finite-horizon simulation experiment. The building blocks for these integrated variance reduction strategies are the techniques of conditional expectation, correlation induction (including antithetic variates and Latin hypercube sampling), and control variates; and all pairings of these techniques are examined. For each integrated strategy, we establish sufficient
more » ... h sufficient conditions under which that strategy will yield a smaller response variance than its constituent variance reduction techniques will yield individually. We also provide asymptotic variance comparisons between many of the methods discussed, with emphasis on integrated strategies that incorporate Latin hypercube sampling. An experimental performance evaluation reveals that in the simulation of stochastic activity networks, substantial variance reductions can be achieved with these integrated strategies. Both the theoretical and experimental results indicate that superior performance is obtained via joint application of the techniques of conditional expectation and Latin hypercube sampling.
doi:10.1287/opre.44.2.327 fatcat:ohx26ohmcbeo3cqzk5uhodwwka