Assessment of the Nutritional Status for the Children Under-Five in Khartoum State: A Policy Making Perspective
Agricultural Research & Technology Open Access Journal
The goal of this paper is assess the nutritional status for the children under-five in Khartoum State. About 396 children were chosen from the household's survey that conducted in Bahari, Khartoum and Umbada localities. The nutritional status was assessed through the anthropometric indicators i.e. weight-for-age, height/length-for-age and weight-for-height/length using the cut-off points (Z-Score). The outcomes show the prevalence of underweight (low weight for age) is higher under the moderate
... under the moderate form compare to severe form and boys are likely to be severe underweight. Whereas, the prevalence of stunting (low height/length for age) in the severe form for girls in the age groups (11-20) month, (21-30) month, (31-40) month, and (41-50) month are about 22.2%, 76.5%, 75% and 28.6% respectively. The severe stunting is very higher in the girls than boys in the age groups (21-30) month, and (31-40) month. Conversely, the prevalence of wasting (low weight for height /length) in the severe form in the case of boys are around 66.7%, 53.8%, 77.8%, and 58.3% in the age groups (11-20) month, (21-30) month, (31-40) month, and (41-50) month, respectively. Further the results reveal both sex and ages variation in underweight, stunting and wasting among the under five years. The study recommends the importance of periodic monitoring of the nutrition status for the under-five years to capture those who are severe or at high risk. Enlighten the mothers through special nutrition program that help them to understand the important of adequate foods and ways of feeding practices.