Context-Dependent Cheating: Experimental Evidence from 16 Countries

David PascuallEzama, Toke R. Fosgaard, Juan-Camilo CCrdenas, Praveen Kujal, Robert Ferec Veszteg, Beatriz Gil-GGmez de Liaao, Brian Gunia, Doris Weichselbaumer, Katharina Hilken, Armenak Antinyan, Joyce Delnoij, Antonios Proestakis (+4 others)
2015 Social Science Research Network  
Economic loss to society due to dishonesty can be quite large. Policy makers use several international indices that characterize countries according to the quality of their institutions. However, no effort has been made to study how the honesty of citizens varies across sixteen countries. This paper explores the honesty among citizens across sixteen countries and not of the national institutions. We employ a very simple task where participants face a trade-off between the joy of eating a fine
more » ... of eating a fine chocolate and the disutility of having a threatened self-concept because of lying. The experiment was conducted in 16 countries with 1440 participants. Despite the clear incentives to cheat, we find that individuals are mostly honest. Further, international indices that are indicative of institutional honesty are completely uncorrelated with citizens' honesty for our sample countries.
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2579926 fatcat:6njxfvcsrbf5vm6asdkadnaauq