Workload prediction for adaptive power scaling using deep learning

Stephen J. Tarsa, Amit P. Kumar, H. T. Kung
2014 2014 IEEE International Conference on IC Design & Technology  
We apply hierarchical sparse coding, a form of deep learning, to model user-driven workloads based on on-chip hardware performance counters. We then predict periods of low instruction throughput, during which frequency and voltage can be scaled to reclaim power. Using a multi-layer coding structure, our method progressively codes counter values in terms of a few prominent features learned from data, and passes them to a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier where they act as signatures for
more » ... dicting future workload states. We show that prediction accuracy and look-ahead range improve significantly over linear regression modeling, giving more time to adjust power management settings. Our method relies on learning and feature extraction algorithms that can discover and exploit hidden statistical invariances specific to workloads. We argue that, in addition to achieving superior prediction performance, our method is fast enough for practical use. To our knowledge, we are the first to use deep learning at the instruction level for workload prediction and on-chip power adaptation.
doi:10.1109/icicdt.2014.6838580 dblp:conf/icicdt/TarsaKK14 fatcat:3mgqfif45jc5ldklm5sk7bjvzm