Numerical Solutions of the Mathematical Models on the Digestive System and COVID-19 Pandemic by Hermite Wavelet Technique

Kumbinarasaiah Srinivasa, Haci Mehmet Baskonus, Yolanda Guerrero Sánchez
2021 Symmetry  
This article developed a functional integration matrix via the Hermite wavelets and proposed a novel technique called the Hermite wavelet collocation method (HWM). Here, we studied two models: the coupled system of an ordinary differential equation (ODE) is modeled on the digestive system by considering different parameters such as sleep factor, tension, food rate, death rate, and medicine. Here, we discussed how these parameters influence the digestive system and showed them through figures
more » ... tables. Another fractional model is used on the COVID-19 pandemic. This model is defined by a system of fractional-ODEs including five variables, called S (susceptible), E (exposed), I (infected), Q (quarantined), and R (recovered). The proposed wavelet technique investigates these two models. Here, we express the modeled equation in terms of the Hermite wavelets along with the collocation scheme. Then, using the properties of wavelets, we convert the modeled equation into a system of algebraic equations. We use the Newton–Raphson method to solve these nonlinear algebraic equations. The obtained results are compared with numerical solutions and the Runge–Kutta method (R–K method), which is expressed through tables and graphs. The HWM computational time (consumes less time) is better than that of the R–K method.
doi:10.3390/sym13122428 fatcat:7gq47fwiwnd2pljyouulz2g5hq