Limited frequency of malignant change in lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia

Hisanori Kobara, Tsutomu Miyamoto, Hirofumi Ando, Ryoichi Asaka, Akiko Takatsu, Ayumi Ohya, Shiho Asaka, Tanri Shiozawa
2020 International Journal of Gynecological Cancer  
IntroductionAlthough lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia is a benign disorder of the uterine cervix, its potential as a precursor of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma has been reported. However, the natural history of the disease and the frequency of malignant change are not fully understood. We evaluated the frequency of malignant change of clinical lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia and explored useful parameters indicating malignant change.MethodsThe clinical courses of 175
more » ... ents with cervical multi-cystic lesions who visited Shinshu University Hospital between June 1995 and June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. We examined the results of follow-up and outcomes of the patients diagnosed with lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia and investigated the frequency of malignant transformation.ResultsOf the 175 patients, 15, 84, and 76 were clinically diagnosed with suspected malignancy, suspected lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia, and suspected nabothian cyst, respectively. Of these patients, 69 patients with suspected lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia were followed, and 12 underwent hysterectomy after a mean follow-up of 57.1 (range: 3–154) months due to lesion enlargement (increase in tumor diameter of >20%) and/or worsening cytology. Of these 12 patients, two had lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia with atypia and one had minimal deviation adenocarcinoma. Of 69 patients, the rate of malignant change was 1.4% (1/69). The growth rates of the lesions for these three patients during follow-up were significantly higher than those of nine patients who underwent surgery with lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia without atypia and 48 follow-up cases of suspected lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia. The cut-off value of the growth rate suggesting malignant transformation was 38.1% (84.6% sensitivity and 100% specificity). Tumor size and cytology did not change in the remaining 57 cases continuing follow-up.ConclusionAn increase in tumor size and worsening cytology are important parameters for detecting malignant transformation of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia during follow-up. However, the frequency of malignant change of this disease may be limited. These results suggest that conservative management may be an option for clinical lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia.
doi:10.1136/ijgc-2020-001612 pmid:32883699 fatcat:7stdwvqkuvctndk75m5phaktju