Reciprocal Antagonism Coordinates C-type Natriuretic Peptide and Mitogen-signaling Pathways in Fibroblasts
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The fibroblast, a cell central to effective wound remodeling, not only contains various growth factor receptors but also high activities of a guanylyl cyclase receptor (GC-B). Here we demonstrate that marked elevations of cyclic GMP induced by C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), the ligand of GC-B, blocks activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade in fibroblasts. We also show that platelet-derived growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, serum, or Na 3 VO 4 rapidly (within 5 min)
... dly (within 5 min) and extensively (up to 85% inhibition) disrupt CNP-dependent elevations of cyclic GMP. In addition, the mitogens also lower cyclic GMP concentrations (50% decrease) in cells not treated with CNP. Cytoplasmic forms of guanylyl cyclase, in contrast to the CNP-stimulated pathway, are not antagonized by the various mitogens. The effects of the mitogens on cellular cyclic GMP are fully explained by a direct and stable inactivation of GC-B. Homogenates obtained from fibroblasts treated with or without the various mitogens contain equivalent amounts of GC-B protein, but both ligand-dependent and ligand-independent activity are markedly (up to 90% inhibition of CNP-dependent activity) decreased after mitogen addition. The stable inactivation is correlated with the dephosphorylation of phosphoserine and phosphothreonine residues of the cyclase receptor. These results not only establish a specific and reciprocal antagonistic relationship between mitogen-activated and GC-Bregulated signaling pathways in the fibroblast but also suggest that one of the earliest events following mitogen activation of a fibroblast is an interruption of cyclic GMP production from this receptor.