A Dearth of Close-in Planets around Rapidly Rotating Stars or a Dearth of Data?

Y. S. Messias, L. L. A. de Oliveira, R. L. Gomes, M. I. Arruda Gonçalves, B. L. Canto Martins, I. C. Leão, J. R. De Medeiros
2022 Astrophysical Journal Letters  
A dearth of close-in planets orbiting rapid rotators was reported almost a decade ago. According to this view, only slowly spinning stars with rotation periods longer than 5–10 days would host planets with orbital periods shorter than 2 or 3 days. This Letter brings an enlarged and more detailed analysis that led us to the question: Is there really a dearth in that distribution or is it a dearth of data? For this new analysis, we combined different samples of Kepler and TESS stars with
more » ... planets or planet candidates with measured stellar rotation periods, using Gaia data to perform an in-depth selection of 1013 planet-hosting main-sequence stars. With the newer, enlarged, and more refined data, the reported dearth of close-in planets orbiting rapid rotators tends to disappear, thus suggesting that it may reflect a scarcity of data in the prior analysis. A two-sample statistical test strongly supports our results, showing that the distribution of close-in planets orbiting rapid rotators is almost indistinguishable from that for close-in planets orbiting slow rotators.
doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ac69cd fatcat:ena5v5s4ibf2vgguuwtwpsvxcm