Effect of Cation Structure in Quinolinium-Based Ionic Liquids on the Solubility in Aromatic Sulfur Compounds or Heptane: Thermodynamic Study on Phase Diagrams

Marta Królikowska, Marek Królikowski, Urszula Domańska
2020 Molecules  
Experimental and theoretical studies on thermodynamic properties of quinolinium-based ionic liquids (ILs) based on bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide anion (namely N-butyl-quinoloinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, [BQuin][NTf2], N-hexylquinoloinium bis(trifluoromethyl-sulfonyl)imide, [HQuin][NTf2], and N-octylquinoloinium bis(trifluoromethyl-sulfonyl)imide, [OQuin][NTf2]) with aromatic sulfur compounds and heptane, as a model compound of fuel were examined in order to assess the
more » ... sess the applicability of the studied ionic liquids for desulfurization of fuels. With this aim, the temperature-composition phase diagrams of 13 binary mixtures composed of organic sulfur compounds (thiophene, benzothiophene, or 2-methylthiophene) or heptane and ionic liquid (IL) were investigated at ambient pressure. A dynamic method was used to determine the (solid–liquid) equilibrium phase diagrams in binary systems over a wide composition range and temperature range from T = 255.15 to 365.15 K up to the fusion temperature of ILs. The immiscibility gap with an upper critical solution temperature (UCST) was observed for each binary system under study. The influence of the alkane chain length of the substituent on the IL cation and of the sulfur compounds (the aromaticity of the solvent) was described. The experimental (solid + liquid) phase equilibrium dataset were successfully correlated using the well-known NRTL equation.
doi:10.3390/molecules25235687 pmid:33276551 fatcat:csrphqmitzh2zhw4ebze2t2s3u